Traditional yukaghirs were sedentary inhabitants of river valleys. Due to the integrated farming, the Yukaghirs led a semi-sedentary way of life and had two main types of settlements: fixed in the wintertime and temporary in the summertime.


Summer settlement of the Yukaghirs

on the Korkodon River. 


A group near the yurt of the leader of the Tundra Yukaghirs, 1902

           Yukaghir dwellings are varied due to the seasonal change of settlement types.The ancient dwelling of the Yukaghirs was a truncated pyramidal half dugout (chandal) with a frame consisting of four pillars — trees with roots, and four crosspieces, on which a flat roof covered with turf was laid.


A half dugout (chandal)

The big log yurts, like the Yakut ones, were also well-known.


The log yurts

During the wild deer and moose hunting in the late winter and spring, from March to mid- or late May, as well as during the summer fishing period, from May to September, the Verkhnekolymsk Yukaghir lived in light transportable cone-shaped yurts, covered with smoky reindeer skins.


The cylindrical cone-shaped yurt of the Yukaghirs

The cone-shaped yurt 


Photo from the True Kolyma natives. Yukaghirs webpage

Photo from W. Jochelson’s book The Yukaghir and Yukaghirized Tungus. - Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2005. 675 p.

Photo. Ethnographic expedition, 1900-1901. Part 10