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Girls in national costumes

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Evenki fur kaftan “Muka”

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Element of clothes “Muka”

             The main element of men's and women's clothing is a swing caftan.  The back, floors and upper part of the sleeves that were dug from one skin, two wedges were inserted into the lower part of the back.  Unlike the Evenki kaftan, the sides and hem of the teti were sheathed in a fur strip.  The seams are covered with striped, decorated with beadwork.  An obligatory addition to the chest, which serves not like the chest, was the bib, sometimes sewn from two pieces - the bib itself and the apron.  Women's bibs at the bottom are decorated with beaded embroidery and deer hair.  The hem was decorated with smooth fringes with metal bell pendants, copper plates, rings, silver coins.  Under the caftan they put on a jerk (herk), on the legs - legs and high boots.  Winter decorations looked like floors, with a slit in the front.

            From autumn balls and winter fur models, with the same pattern for men and women, with suitable figures, with similar gates and diverging books.  A round collar of this type can be tied to one button with a loop of rovduga.  A wide fur extension came, which has a back dorsal part.

           Female shoes are decorated with beaded ornaments (nisa).  The headdress, male and female, the restroom had a tight-fitting head hood (avun), embroidered with beads.  Women sometimes wore a scarf.  Women's gloves (hair) were decorated with a bead circle in the form of the sun.  Eveny's festive clothing was also funerary

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kaftan«Teti»

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Evenki male apron

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Evenki male apron

Источники: 1. Алексеев, А.А. Эвены Верхоянья: история и культура (конец XIX – 80-е гг.ХХ в.) / А.А. Алексеев. – СПб: ВВМ, 2006.

2. Алексеева, Е.К. Очерки по материальной культуре эвенов Якутии (конец XIX – начало ХХ вв.) / Е.К. Алексеева. – Новосибирск: Наука, 2003. 3. Фото из:  Иванова-Унарова З.И. Традиционное искусство народов Северо-Востока Сибири Якутск: Изд-во Якутского ун-та, 2005.

NarodyArktiki 2019